Charles spent the next few years in Turkey, trying to gather forces to attack Russia. Select from premium Charles Xii Of Sweden of the highest quality. The s… Charles was the only surviving son of King Charles XI of Sweden and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder, and he assumed the crown at the age of fifteen, at the death of his father. Charles XII, also Carl, Latinised to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. Charles XII; Charles XII in 1706 by Johan David Schwartz. The battle finally took place in July 1709 in Poltava. He was the only surviving son of King Charles XI of Sweden and Ulrike Eleonora of Denmark. He was the second-born child of his parents and the eldest son in the family, making him the natural heir to the throne. His sister Ulrika Eleonora succeeded Charles. Charles’s responsibility in planning and executing armed operations constantly increased, so that from 1702 he became the superior of most of his officers. He stayed there for a year and prepared for one more assault on Norway in 1718. By the time this program had been brought to success and Stanisław Leszczyński elected king of Poland—Augustus being forced to accept the settlement by a Swedish invasion of Saxony in September 1706—Charles XII had matured both as a general and as a statesman. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. By then, Charles, 15, had been groomed by excellent tutors and politicians. Thereafter, the Russians interfered successfully with the Swedes’ communications, and by the summer of 1709 Charles XII had no choice between accepting battle with the Russians or withdrawing once more into Poland. To illustrate this, Bain quotes a letter to Charles’ future tutor in which the Queen gives very Lutheran instructions, A character based on Charles XII plays a major role in The Age of Unreason, a series of four alternate history novels written by American science fiction and fantasy author Gregory Keyes. ), king of Sweden (1697–1718), an absolute monarch who defended his country for 18 years during the Great Northern War and promoted significant domestic reforms. ), king of Sweden (1697–1718), an absolute monarch who defended his country for 18 years during the Great Northern War and promoted significant domestic reforms. Other than being an able war commander, Charles was also known as an exceptional politician and ruler. However, Charles XII of Sweden was willing to aid the English Tories by sending troops to put the Pretender on the throne, in conjunction with an English rising. Nick Name: Ironhead Charles, Demirbaş Şarl, Also Known As: Charles XII, Carolus Rex, Carl XII, See the events in life of Charles XII Of Sweden in Chronological Order. Denmark, Poland, and Russia had been Sweden’s enemies since many centuries, and when they saw that a young and inexperienced king was on the Swedish throne, they began chalking out a plan to invade Sweden. Charles XII of Sweden was born on June 17, 1682, in Tre Kronor, Sweden, to Charles XI of Sweden and Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark. Charles was also known for practicing abstinence from sex and alcohol. In adolescence a personal program for toughening physique—in particular, his intrepid horsemanship and his predilection for risks—worried the old and staid among the courtiers. He was 15 years old when he took charge after a 7-month rule by a caretaker government. Its intricately designed war machinery and monarchy were both absolutely destroyed. In Sweden, the view of Charles XII is dominated by two schools of thinking. Within the first 6 weeks, the attack on Holstein by Denmark was countered, and Charles emerged victorious. The Russian army had destroyed the resources that could have helped the Swedes on their way to attack Russia. Ragnhild M. Hatton, Charles XII of Sweden (1968), is the best study in any language. Robert Nisbet Bain. However, Sweden was ready for such circumstances, and its armies were immediately mobilized to tackle the invaders. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach.Charles was the only surviving son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder.He assumed power, after a seven-month caretaker government, at the age of fifteen. A regency was formed according to the wishes of King Charles XI, but they still required the young king’s opinion on every matter. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach. King of Sweden; Reign: 5 April 1697 – 29 November 1718 O.S. Born on June 17, 1682, at Tre Kroner Castle or Three Crown Castle in Stockholm, Sweden. Charles XII spent his childhood amidst luxury. Charles XII (Swedish: Karl XII) was the king of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. Sweden had, however, remained a free country until then. Charles XII was the highest ranking Swedish commander present. He planned to attack Norway, with an aim to prevent the Danish king from helping Russia in future conflicts. Prince Charles was the second child and eldest (and only surviving) son of Charles XI of Sweden and Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark. The early campaigns—the descent on Zealand (August 1700), which forced Denmark out of the war; the Battle of Narva (November 1700), which drove the Russians away from the Swedish trans-Baltic provinces; and the crossing of the Western Dvina River (1701), which scattered the troops of Augustus II (elector of Saxony and king of Poland)—were all planned and directed by the officers whom Charles had inherited from his father; but the King, while developing his military skill, gave valuable help in fostering morale by his courage, his religiously coloured optimism, and his faith in the cause of Sweden as the victim of a concerted attack. Though wounded in the foot and unable to lead the army in person, Charles chose battle and attacked the Russian fortified camp at Poltava on July 8 (June 27, old style; June 28, Swedish style). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In 1707, in an attempt to deliver a final blow to Russia, Charles gathered the largest army possible and marched toward Moscow. Charles XII defeated his enemies in the first six years of his Hatton focuses on the political, diplomatic, and military life of the Swedish monarch in this massive study. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/charles-xii-of-sweden-32198.php, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, The Top 25 Wrestling Announcers Of All Time, Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet. ), Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. Yet, Charles exhibited great military skills, and Russia was defeated. Unaware that the neighboring enemies were constantly keeping an eye on him, he enjoyed life to the fullest. However, he was too young to take charge of the country. Thule, later including other artists were named `` Carolus Rex, was king! 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